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The fibers most widely used in the industry are flax , jute , hemp , kenaf , sisal and coir. The straw fibers could be found in many parts of the world, and it is an example of a low-cost reinforcement for biocomposites. The wood fibers could be recycled or non-recycled. Flax linen composites work well for applications seeking a lighter weight alternative to other materials, most notably, applications in automotive interior components and sports equipment.


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In sports equipment, Ergon Bikes produced a concept saddle that won first place among entries in the Accessories category at the Eurobike , a major bicycling industry trade show. Flax linen composites also work for applications for which the look, feel, or sound of wood is desired, but without susceptibility to warping.

Composites properties

Applications include furniture and musical instruments. In furniture, a team at Sheffield Hallam University designed a cabinet with entirely sustainable materials, including flax linen. Green composites are classified as a biocomposite combined by natural fibers with biodegradable resins. They are called green composites mainly because of their degradable and sustainable properties, which can be easily disposed without harming the environment. Because of their durability, green composites are mainly used to increase the life cycle of products with short life. Another class of biocomposite is called 'hybrid biocomposite', which is based on different types of fibers into a single matrix.

The fibers can be synthetic or natural, and can be randomly combined to generate the hybrid composites [1].

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Its functionality depends directly on the balance between the good and bad properties of each individual material used. Besides, with the use of a composite that has two more types of fibers in the hybrid composite, one fiber can stand on the other one when it is blocked. The properties of this biocomposite depends directly on the fibers counting their content, length, arrangement, and also the bonding to the matrix.

In particular, the strength of the hybrid composite depends on the failure strain of the individual fibers. The production of biocomposites uses techniques that are used to manufacture plastics or composites materials. These techniques include:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Composites Part B: Engineering. Michigan State University. Retrieved 29 August Engineering Materials. Findlay Media. Retrieved 8 September Composites World. Gardner Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 1 September NetComposites Ltd. Retrieved International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.

Composites Evolution.

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Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites

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